Self-introduction Sasaki

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Disaster Medical Science
International Cooperation for Disaster Medicine
Hiroyuki SASAKI (Assist. Prof.)
 

 

Research summary

 

Questionnaire Survey on the Support-receiving Plan of Medical Institutions Affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami

 
At the time of the Great East Japan Earthquake disaster, medical institutions in the affected area could not fully utilize support because support-receiving plans were not established. We performed a questionnaire survey regarding support-receiving plans with the affected medical institutions from May to July 2013. According to the replies from 223 medical institutions, 14% of the 42 disaster-base hospitals have a support-receiving plan and 38% are preparing one, and only 3% of the 181 non-disaster base hospitals had a plan and 18% are preparing one. In the coastal areas of the affected region, need for human resources for every occurrence lasted for a substantial time, and the lack of food, water, and fuel was severe at 70% of all medical institutions at one week from onset. The replies suggested that a support-receiving plan should contain the following points: the preparedness of organizations to which a request for support is made and the methods of communication, designated staff who can accept and manage the support, and a business flowchart that indicates the chain of command. It is also recommended to: stockpile food, water, and medicine for at least one week; reduce the risk of and provide training for long-term lifeline stoppages; and prepare for the physical/mental support of hospital workers who feel devastated by the disaster.