To apply the "4 Rs" proposed as a resilience framework to the realization of a resilient network, the network must be equipped with an autonomous decentralized coordination mechanism. To prevent network functionality and performance from degrading after a disaster, we can achieve Robustness and Redundancy by "Autonomy" and "Redundancy" respectively. To restore network functionality and performance before a disaster, Resourcefulness and Rapidity can be achieved through "coordination".
In other words, through "Autonomy" and "Distribution" of the network, the surviving networks cooperate autonomously to keep the network running. In addition, network resources from outside (Ad-hoc NWs) can be deployed and "coordinated" with the surviving networks to quickly restore the network.
In a cyber-physical system where physical space and server space are closely linked by EICT (Energy Information Communication Technology), objects (Xi) in physical space can be constructed as a digital twin in cyber space.
Resilient EICT Engineering aims to apply EICT-based autonomous distributed cooperative systems to cyber-physical systems. To build cyber-physical systems, research and development of technologies such as architectures, protocols, and devices are required. To build autonomous decentralized cooperative systems, research and development of mathematical models and design theories are required. We believe that a social engineering approach can incorporate the field of social science into cyber-physical systems.
K. Iwatsuki and H. Hayashi, “The Realization of Resilient Society with Information Technology Revolution”, J. Disaster Research, Vol.5 No.6, pp.622-626 (2010)
K. Iwatsuki, ”The projects of Disaster-Resistant Information Communication Network at the Research Organization of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University”, Invited paper, Photonic West 2013, San Francisco, 8646-9, 20 (2013)
K. Iwatsuki and K. Tsukamoto, “Next Generation Resilient Access Networks”, invited paper, SPIE Photonics West 2015, San Francisco, vol.9387, p.93870J-1, 2015
K. Iwatsuki, “Cyber physical system based on resilient ICT”, Invited paper, SPIE Photonics West 2016, San Francisco, vol.9772, 9772-17 (2016)
T. Otsuji, K. Iwatsuki, H. Yamada and M. Yashima, “Concept of Resilient Electric Power and Information Communication Technology (R-EICT) Converged Network Systems Based on Overall Optimization of Autonomous Decentralized Cooperative Control of DC Microgrids”, IEEE ISGT2021, 211SGT0018 (2021).