【Urban vulnerability evaluation】
One of our significant researches is urban vulnerability evaluation. Using the actual building damage data due to the 1995 Great Kobe Earthquake, Prof. Murao clarified the relationship between seismic ground motion and building damage. As a result, he constructed building vulnerability functions and proposed a method of building collapse risk evaluation for Tokyo. Outside the country, Prof. Murao constructed the building vulnerability functions and prepared the hazard map for Yangon city of Myanmar.
【Monitoring urban recovery and quantitative evaluation of recovery process】
Monitoring urban recovery of areas affected by the disasters in the world, ISDM quantitatively evaluates the urban recovery processes for planning future disaster risk reduction strategies. To date, our overseas research fields have been in Taiwan, Turkey, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indonesia, Peru, China, Hawaii, New York, and Myanmar. In addition, Kobe, Tokyo, Kanagawa, and Sanriku Coastal Areas affected by 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami have been significant research objectives for us in Japan.
【Architecture and urban design for disaster risk reduction】
A research on the relationship between architectural/urban design and disaster management is respectively established. Our current concern is to combine these fields and develop a new field of architectural/urban planning for disaster risk reduction. Our challenge aims to establish a systematic framework of the architectural/urban planning for disaster risk reduction.
Murao, O. (2020) . Recovery Curves for Housing Reconstruction from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Comparison with Other Post-disaster Recovery Processes, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol.45, 101467-1-101467-15, doi: org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101467
Murao, O., Tanaka, T., Meguro, K., and Shwe, T. (2020). Earthquake Building Collapse Risk Estimation for 2040 in Yangon, Myanmar, Journal of Disaster Research, Vol.15, No.3, 387-406, doi: 10.20965/jdr.2020.p0387
Murao, O., Usuda, T., Gokon, H., Meguro, K., Takeuchi, W., Sugiyasu, K., and Yu, K. T. (2018). Understanding Regional Building Characteristics in Yangon Based on Digital Building Model, Journal of Disaster Research, Vol.13, No.1, 125-137, doi: 10.20965/jdr.2018.p0125
Murao, O., and Sakaba, H. (2016). Quantitative Text Analysis of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, Journal of Disaster Research, Vol.11, No.3, 459-469, doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0459
Murao, O. (2013). Architecture, Space, and Disaster,” Series of Risk Engineering, 10, 172, Corona Publishing (in Japanese)